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Perhaps the following post will be more interesting for foreign applicants, however, we hope that American students will learn and discover something new and interesting as well.
Today, the USA higher education is considered to be one of the best in the World and each year more and more students from other countries go to get it. And it is not accidental…
There are no structures, in the United States, similar to Ministry of Education, like in many European and Asian countries, which make up standard educational plans and determine admission rules. Everything depends on a particular institution. Before submitting an application for admission, you should check whether a certain establishment meets standards of The American Council on Education (ACE).
The terms "college" and "university" in the United States are often mixed, the matter is that universities can provide education at college level. The fundamental difference being that college graduates can only get a bachelor's degree, while university graduates receive a master's degree and doctoral degree (PhD). Besides, colleges usually concede in number of students, compared with universities. But the smallest size of colleges is not a sign of worst education.
According to the National Center for Education Statistics currently there are 15.3 million US students, who study in 3.7 thousand colleges and universities.
Basically, bachelor's degree (Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science) takes 4 years of college. Bachelor's degree is almost identical to the European Diploma of Higher Education. The secondary European or Asian education, in most cases, is a sufficient basis for admission to US baccalaureate. Students of 1-st, 2-nd and 3-rd courses of European and Asian universities may be transferred to this program in the United States. College Admissions Committee decides which student’s courses of study and which of undergraduate term paper writing, performed in another country, can be accepted in the USA.
There are two terminal degrees which are offered by the United States universities - the Master’s and Doctoral degrees. Both degrees compile the combination of research and classroom studying. The tutoring here is more specialized and intensive, and studying more independent. Depending on a subject, classes can be quite formal, with the need to make presentations, or informal, with an emphasis on discussions and practical exercises.
Magistracy is the next step after baccalaureate. There are two main types of programs - academic and professional. Master's program can enter university graduates from other countries, postgrads and even academic degrees holders (part of attended subjects may be accepted).
The basic degrees of this category are: Master of Arts and Master of Science. The last one is awarded in the fields of science, engineering, agriculture, international business, etc. These programs are completed after 1.5- 2.5 years of studying. These degrees represent the so called springboard for Doctoral Degree. (Read also: The US Education Becomes An Overpaid Luxury? Facts and Analysis)
The purpose of these programs is to prepare students for specific professions. These programs have specific titles like: Master of Business Administration, Master of Education, Master of Social Works, etc. The Jurist Doctor degree also belongs to this category. Professional Magistracy is more focused on practical training and more structured. These programs last from a year to 3 years.