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| Published in Study Once Again | Written by Tracy R. Baro

A Guide to Writing Scientific Essays

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Like almost all rules, there are cases where breaking them is a good idea, however, there are few general and cute points about scientific paper you should know and try to adhere...

1. Focus on your structure.

Every good essay should have a point to reach a conclusion. Also, your essay should make a real argument. Your main goal is to convince the reader that your point is correct. Actually, this is the main point of the whole essay. If you want to write really good one, you should be convincing. You should build your structure with the strategy to convince people.

Also, you should have a clear writing style or even some basis of it. Your essay should be logical and have some sort of progression. Use your evidence and data to support and maintain each step of an argument and just after that you should reach some logical conclusion.

Try to understand what is a good argument and what does it mean a solid conclusion. Actually, it is a space for serious creativity here. Your essay and argument depend on a certain topic. Use your state point as an introduction. You should use the first person.

2. You should back up each point with data.

But, just citing the study is not exactly correct method. Try to describe briefly its key result. Use one or two sentences for this purpose. Also, you should explain why this data supports your point.

You should cite each piece of your data at the appropriate place in the argument. Try to be brief and constructive, don’t use unnecessary data. So, you should not describe all the details of any experiment. Tell only about the relevant points.

However, you should remember that the relevant data has to be always cited. This is the rule, and it is sacred and unbreakable for every good essay. (Read about The MBA Programs Ranking)

3. Proof is important.

Remember about the logic of scientific discovery. First goes the generation a possibilities list and just then follow experiments and tests. You should proceed by rejecting any false hypotheses. Proving true ones is not your job actually. You can’t consider one idea right just because it was better those others that were for sure false. A hypothesis is proven just after a large amount of data converges on from many labs and with many different techniques. So, you can do only a guess but not a proving.

In other words, you'd better say that this finding rejects the hypothesis  ''X", or "this finding is
consistent with the "Y". Scientists tend to avoid the word "proof" except where the logical case is really irrefutable.

4. Be critical.

You should carefully examine the basis of your subject. Don’t do a simple criticizing of a study. This way does not demonstrate your attitude; it is not critical. You should separate the crucial point from the incidental factors. Don’t try to criticize incidentals! It is even worse than saying nothing in general. You should remember that overcritical review is much worse than being uncritical.

Carefully examine the factual basis for a statement - this is what it means being critical. Don't get attached to words you have written; be prepared to scrap what you wrote, even if its a whole paper. Certainly, that doesn't mean your laptop should be broken too 🙂


5. You should be so concise as you can.

There are some tropes you should avoid. "It is believed that" or "scientists believe" is unnecessary for a good essay writing.

You should keep your sentence structure simple and clear as possible.

If you find yourself saying "In other words," for example, it means you didn't say it enough clearly the first time. Now you need to go back and rewrite this attempt. Each sentence in a paragraph must have some logical connection to the previous one.




6. Unknown should be explained.

Every technical term that is unknown to a general should be defined and explained. Buy the way, if you work with terms, avoid its capitalization, as strange as it may sound but it is a quite common bug in writing. Although, when explaining an acronym, we use upper case. For instance - "Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)". You have to decrypt all acronyms which use first in the text, except acronyms that every reader is expected to know.



7. The references part

Don’t forget to cite all works that you rely on in your references part. You should write all references in full at the end of your essay. Your references should be consistent also: all authors should either be given with their full name (Thomas Reed) or abbreviated (T. Reed), but not combinations. Dates of publications and its location must be mentioned as well, when referring to someone's work. Example: Gangopadhyaya, Mrinalkanti (1981). Indian Atomism: History and Sources. Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Humanities Press.